Gambling is the wagering of something of value, known as a stake, on an event with an uncertain outcome. This event could be anything from a football match to the outcome of a scratchcard. To make a bet you need to choose something to bet on and then match this with the odds that are set by the betting company, which determine how much you could win if you are successful.
When you place a bet your brain releases a chemical called dopamine which stimulates the reward centres in your brain. This produces a feeling of pleasure and makes you feel good, and can lead to a cycle where you continue to gamble to receive these positive feelings. However, gambling can also cause problems, and can affect your mental health in a number of ways.
Problem gambling can have a negative impact on your relationships and job, as well as having an effect on your personal finances. If you’re worried your gambling is getting out of control, it’s important to seek help and advice before it is too late. Using StepChange for free debt advice is one way to get help and guidance, and can help you to address the issue before it’s too late.
People may gamble for different reasons, from winning big to socialising and enjoying the atmosphere at casinos. Some individuals have a natural predisposition to gambling, with a genetic variation in the region of the brain that processes rewards and controls impulses. Others may be more prone to anxiety or depression, making them more likely to engage in risk-taking behaviours such as gambling.
The environment and community where you live can also influence your attitude towards gambling and whether or not you develop harmful gambling behaviours. For example, some communities view it as a social activity and use it as a means of raising money for charity. Others are more likely to consider gambling a sin and believe that it is against their religion.
While it’s not clear why some people become addicted to gambling, it is believed that problem gambling can hijack the reward system in your brain. This can be triggered by a series of events, including a sudden financial crisis or losing a friend or relative. It’s often difficult to recognise the signs of gambling addiction, and many people downplay the behaviour or deny it’s a problem. This can lead to further harms, such as lying about your spending habits to loved ones or relying on other people to fund your gambling. This can also have a negative impact on your mental health and can lead to substance misuse. For example, a person who spends most of their income on gambling is at increased risk of developing gambling disorder. It’s also worth noting that some people develop gambling problems when they are already struggling with a mental health condition. This can include suicidal thoughts.